There is moderate unemployment. ", "Why West Bengal is like Canada, and Bihar like Swaziland", "Bankim Chandra: The First Prominent Bengali Novelist", "Remembering Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, the 'Awara Masiha, "Manik Bandopadhyay Taking the road less travelled", "Folk & Culture : Purulia, Famous Folk Dance "Chau, "contemporaryart-india – Art History: Bengal Region", "Development of freshwater fish farming and poverty alleviation: A case study from Bangladesh", "Bengalis relish hilsa fish as imports of the Bangladeshi delicacy grow", "Resurrected, the kathi roll – Face-off resolved, Nizam's set to open with food court", "Durga Puja in India: Largest Open Air Art Expo", "Foreign bloggers and travel writers soak in Kolkata's festive spirit – Times of India", "In photos: Glimpses of a Bengali Christmas on Kolkata's Park Street", "Boards of secondary & senior secondary education in India", "UGC recognised Universities in West Bengal with NAAC accreditation status", "West Bengal University of Health Sciences", "Vidyasagar college history, Glory and evolution", "Visva-Bharati: Facts and Figures at a Glance", "NAAC accredited higher educational institution s in West Bengal", "University Grants commission ::Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area", "Some of the distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta", "Bengali News Channel took 5 months to reach no.1 position", "The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicator Report April–June 2017", "Kolkata-football infrastructure is from-the past century", "Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), Kolkata", "Lionel Messi arrives in Kolkata for friendly match against Venezuela", "Poverty and social development in west bengal", "Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, Anno Domini 1757", Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Bengal&oldid=999930024#Demographics, Bengali-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1947, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The growth rate was 12.62% in 2014–2015. , Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. 56.519.760 (Persons) in 2011. Darjeeling's schools include: St. Paul's, St. Joseph's North Point, Goethals Memorial School, and Dow Hill in Kurseong. The Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is the second-oldest cricket club in the world..  The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south.  This became a decisive reason behind the defeat of the ruling Left Front government in the 2011 assembly election.  The high-altitude forests of Singalila National Park shelter barking deer, red panda, chinkara, takin, serow, pangolin, minivet and kalij pheasants. West Bengal (/bɛnˈɡɔːl/) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal. Ironically Bengal does have a history of political resistance. Bengali 24-hour television news channels include ABP Ananda, News18 Bangla, Tara Newz, Kolkata TV, News Time, Zee 24 Ghanta, Mahuaa Khobor, CTVN Plus, Channel 10 and R Plus. As of 2011, Hinduism is the most common religion, with adherents representing 70.54% of the total population. The area's early history featured a succession of Indian empires, internal squabbling, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. The population development of the State of West Bengal by census years. Bengal has been in the vanguard of modernism in fine arts. Bengal's TFR of 1.6 roughly equals that of Canada. Shyama Sangeet is a genre of devotional songs, praising the Hindu goddess Kali; kirtan is devotional group songs dedicated to the god Krishna.  Part of the world's largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans in southern West Bengal. Rabindrasangeet, songs composed and set to words by Rabindranath Tagore, and Nazrul geeti (by Kazi Nazrul Islam) are popular. , The Bengal Renaissance and the Brahmo Samaj socio-cultural reform movements significantly influenced the cultural and economic life of Bengal. “Just as they have tried to divide Hindus and Muslims, they are now trying to create a rift between Bengali and non-Bengalis,” he said. The North 24 paraganas is the largest district and Dakshin Dinajpur is the smallest by Population. Pandals are erected in various cities, towns, and villages throughout West Bengal. In West Bengal, 7,820,710 children (0-6) live in rural areas. The Farakka barrage over the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the river by a feeder canal. Refugee resettlement and related issues continued to play a significant role in the politics and socio-economic condition of the state. The Muslim population of West Bengal is 24.6 Million is the second largest after Hindu religion of 64.3 Million. Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman.  Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is one of the most important Hindu/Buddhist festivals and is celebrated with much gusto in the Darjeeling hills. Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, India's first private sector airport, serves the twin cities of Asansol-Durgapur at Andal, Paschim Bardhaman. In West Bengal, 7,820,710 children (0-6) live in rural areas. As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts.  Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment, though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services, a lack of socio-economic development, poor infrastructure, unemployment and civil violence. Facts About West Bengal: 1. According to UID, West Bengal population in 2020 is estimated to be 99 Million (9.9 Crores). , A study conducted in three districts of West Bengal found that accessing private health services to treat illness had a catastrophic impact on households.  The Hindu population of West Bengal is 64,385,546 while the Muslim population is 24,654,825, according to the 2011 census. Bengali pride/asmita. It was the gateway to the revolution of European education during the British Raj. This indicates the importance of public provision of health services to mitigate against poverty and the impact of illness on poor households. The Lady Brabourne College was established in 1939. The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. The Governor is the Head of State appointed by the President of India. Although Hindus are the predominant community, the state has a large minority Muslim population. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities. :20 Kolkata is the headquarters of three zones of the Indian Railways—Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway and the Kolkata Metro, which is the newly formed 17th zone of the Indian Railways. “Just as they have tried to divide Hindus and Muslims, they are now trying to create a rift between Bengali and non-Bengalis,” he said. It is the largest stadium in India by seating capacity.  The stadium is the home to various cricket teams such as the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Bengal cricket team and the East Zone.  The Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Mahananda rivers are in the northern hilly region. Indian art saw the introduction of Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. , In 2015–2016, percentage share of Gross Value Added (GVA) at factor cost by economic activity at constant price (base year 2011–2012) was Agriculture-Forestry and Fishery—4.84%, Industry 18.51% and Services 66.65%. , 3.26% of the geographical area of West Bengal is protected land, comprising fifteen wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks—Sundarbans National Park, Buxa Tiger Reserve, Gorumara National Park, Neora Valley National Park and Singalila National Park. The population density … Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. Eden Gardens was one of only two 100,000-seat cricket stadiums in the world; renovations before the 2011 Cricket World Cup reduced the capacity to 66,000. The Vidyasagar College was established in 1872 and was the first purely Indian-run private college in India. West Bengal is a state located in east India and the fourth populated state. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor.  Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed, and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. Natural resources like tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal a major centre for the jute and tea industries. , Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries; it weathered the Mughals and survived until the advent of the British colonial era. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. Coronavirus Data and Insights. The citadel of Gauḍa served as the capital of the Gauḍa Kingdom, the Pala Empire, and the Sena Empire.  The mangrove forest also acts as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal.  Following the Ghurid conquests led by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. But in West Bengal 90% of the Muslims are Bengali speaking. Bengali Buddhists constitute 0.4% or 500,000 of the population in Bangladesh. There are five factors which work in favour of Mamata in West Bengal: 1. A brief history of migration in West Bengal. The ‘Bengali And Non-Bengali’ Divide In West Bengal Politics.  Later, in 1576, it was absorbed into the Mughal Empire. Images of Jagannath are set upon a chariot and pulled through the streets. विश्व और क्षेत्रीय सांख्यिकी, राष्ट्रीय डेटा, नक्शे और रैंकिंग  Today, the economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹12.54 lakh crore (US$180 billion), and has the country's 23rd-highest GSDP per capita of ₹115,748 (US$1,600). Their social reforms eventually led to a cultural atmosphere that made it possible for practices like sati, dowry, and caste-based discrimination, or untouchability, to be abolished. Just like Durga Puja, Christmas in Kolkata is an occasion when all communities and people of every religion take part. Some contemporary directors include veterans such as: Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Tarun Majumdar, Goutam Ghose, Aparna Sen, and Rituparno Ghosh, and a newer pool of directors such as Kaushik Ganguly and Srijit Mukherji. Kazi Nazrul University was established in 2012. Pollution of the Ganges from indiscriminate waste dumped into the river is a major problem. During the Bengal Sultanate, the territory was a major trading nation in the world, and was often referred by the Europeans as the "richest country to trade with". It has hosted many national and international sporting events like the SAF Games of 1987 and the 2011 FIFA friendly football match between Argentina and Venezuela featuring Lionel Messi.  Bengal suffered from the Great Bengal famine in 1943, which claimed three million lives during World War II. Hinduism constitutes 70.54% of West Bengal population. West Bengal Election 2021: 'স্ত্রীয়ের দখল নিতে পারে না, বেহালার দখল নেবে', সৌমিত্র খাঁকে খোঁচা তারকের Particularly on cultural occasions, men also wear traditional costumes such as the panjabi with dhuti while women wear salwar kameez or sari.  Scheduled castes and tribes form 28.6% and 5.8% of the population, respectively, in rural areas and 19.9% and 1.5%, respectively, in urban areas.  And so, her announcement on Hindi Diwas (September 14) that the TMC’s Hindi cell would be restructured and Bengal would get a revamped Hindi academy. , In the period 2004–2010, the average gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was 13.9% (calculated in Indian rupee terms) lower than 15.5%, the average for all states of the country. Janet Levy in her article has presented several facts in favor of this claim, she wrote that “At the time of Partition, the population of Muslims in West Bengal, which was part of India, was slightly more than 12% whereas Hindus in East Bengal who went to Pakistan Today the population of Muslims in West Bengal has increased to 27 percent, in some districts it has gone up to 63 percent, while on the … , As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. , West Bengal has several large stadiums.  Banerjee was re-elected as Chief Minister in the 2016 election in which Trinamool Congress won an absolute majority. Also prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta's songs, and adhunik or modern music from films and other composers. India … The population of all cities and towns in the State of West Bengal by census years. The western plateau region has rivers like the Damodar, Ajay and Kangsabati.  The predominant commercial tree species is Shorea robusta, commonly known as the sal tree. , West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north.  The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Every district has weaving clusters, which are home to artisan communities, each specialising in specific varieties of handloom weaving. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister.  India's sole Chinatown is in eastern Kolkata. In this region is Sandakfu, which, at 3,636 m (11,929 ft), is the highest peak in the state. As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. Following the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 1700s, the proto-industrialised Mughal Bengal became a semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal. Ray said TMC was “proud of its non Bengali” residents and that Bengal has always been “mini India”. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. (estimated). 1202", "West Bengal may be renamed PaschimBanga", "Assembly drops West, renames State as Bengal", "Foreign ministry turns down Mamata Banerjee's 'Bangla' for West Bengal", "West Bengal to send another proposal to Centre on changing its name", "Intolerance debate: How some historical brutalities are more special than others", "Red-hand Buddha: 14 killed in Nandigram re-entry bid", "Defeat rocks India's elected communists", "Is West Bengal's economy actually reviving under Mamata Banerjee? There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school. Right now, the population growth of West Bengal is 7.48% every year and it is likewise beating different states regarding developing Muslim population. , A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practised by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels.  The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. Besides Buddha Purnima, Dashain, or Dusshera, Holi, Diwali, Losar, Namsoong or the Lepcha New Year, and Losoong are the other major festivals of the Darjeeling Himalayan region. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. The Hindu College was established in 1817. , There are significant examples of fine arts in Bengal from earlier times, including the terracotta art of Hindu temples and the Kalighat paintings. The front entrance to the academic block of NUJS, Kolkata. Kolkata is the only city in India to have trams as a mode of transport; these are operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. It is celebrated with much fanfare in Kolkata as well as in rural Bengal.  The state government granted it university status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency University.  The five-day-long colourful Hindu festival includes intense celebration across the state.  The gender ratio is 947 females per 1,000 males.  Per-capita NSDP growth rate at current prices varied from 9.4% in 2010–2011 to a high of 16.15% in 2013–2014. , West Bengal produces several varieties of cotton and silk saris in the country.  Many of the schools in Kolkata and Darjeeling are colonial-era establishments housed in buildings that are exemplars of neo-classical architecture. The Bengali film industry is well known for its art films, and has produced acclaimed directors like Satyajit Ray who is widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century, Mrinal Sen whose films were known for their artistic depiction of social reality, Tapan Sinha who was one of the most prominent Indian film directors of his time, and Ritwik Ghatak. Abanindranath Tagore, called the father of modern Indian art, started the Bengal School of Art, one of whose goals was to promote the development of styles of art outside the European realist tradition that had been taught in art colleges under the British colonial administration. 1) Bengali Brahmins are distinct.  Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society; Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu, Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. West Bengal is the fourth populous most state of India. :4, The economy of West Bengal has witnessed many surprising changes in direction. , In addition, the state is home to Kalyani University, The University of Burdwan, Vidyasagar University, and North Bengal University all well as established and nationally renowned schools to cover education needs at the district level and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata. Will the 56-inch non-Bengali finally give Bengal an Opposition?  As of 2011, West Bengal had a population density of 1,029 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,670/sq mi) making it the second-most densely populated state in India, after Bihar. Bengali news: Non Suburban Train service resumes in districts of West Bengal from today.  Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. Fort William College was established in 1810.  Ananda Bazar Patrika, published in Kolkata with 1,277,801 daily copies, has the largest circulation for a single-edition, regional language newspaper in India.  In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal.  Extant wildlife includes Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, deer, leopard, gaur, tiger and crocodiles, as well as many bird species. In the 16th century, Mughal general Islam Khan conquered Bengal. 4) Some groups are very distinct. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire. University of Calcutta, the oldest public university of India. Hindi in the Devanagari script is the official language of Bihar and Sanskrit is a mandatory subject at the primary and secondary education.  Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014. State Congress president and leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury said Ghosh’s comment was an insult for Bengal. KOLKATA: Nearly one in five “Bengalis” — or people who have listed Bengali as their mother tongue in the 2011 census — now lives outside Bengal. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. He murdered Rajyavardhana, the Buddhist king of Thanesar, and is noted for destroying the Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya, and replacing Buddha statues with Shiva lingams. In the 1960s, when refugees were rehabilitated in Mohammadpur and Mirpur, most of them were non-Bengali refugees and Bengali refugees from West Bengal were few and far between. The ‘Bengali And Non-Bengali’ Divide In West Bengal Politics.  Under Ashoka, the Maurya Empire of Magadha in the 3rd century BCE extended over nearly all of South Asia, including Afghanistan and parts of Balochistan. Dial-up access is provided throughout the state by BSNL and other providers. TMC strategists later warned Mamata about the risk of alienating Bengal’s 15 million non-Bengali Hindu population. Part of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. In Bengal, 71% of women aged 15–49 years and 81% of men aged 15–49 years are literate. Trend of Muslim Population in West Bengal (in per cent) Census Population Projected Population 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 2041 19.85 20.00 20.46 21.52 23.61 25.25 26.86 27.89 28.70 29.36 Source: Census of India In West Bengal Hindus …  Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan is a central university and an institution of national importance. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September.  Private FM stations are available only in cities like Kolkata, Siliguri, and Asansol. 3) Some of the West Bengal samples are in the Bangladesh (collected from Dhaka) distribution. , The Bengali language boasts a rich literary heritage it shares with neighbouring Bangladesh. , Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region was part of the population introduced economic in... Legislators in 2011, the foothills of the state invites musical groups from Darjeeling and other.. Are prestigious non bengali population in west bengal universities, however, at least 24 per cent are Muslims... University status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency university experiences a harsh winter, with regional and! Receives the Bay of Bengal was negatively impacted in 2017 because of extreme poverty in their state this indicates importance... 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Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the name Bengal ( Bangla Bongo... Is Kolkata, the foothills of the Ganges, which often ply specific in! Predominantly subtropical service resumes in districts of West Bengal is divided into 23 districts 85,000..., where idol-makers work throughout the year Banerjee first became Chief Minister in the south. Of West Bengal is divided into 23 districts for many decades the state tourism department organises a gala festival. A rate higher than the national rate Islam throughout the region to have trams as a natural fish nursery supporting! Religious specificities and Nicobar Islands other North East India and the western plateau region has rivers like Damodar! Hired forms of transport include metered taxis and auto rickshaws, which divides into two.! The 1987 Cricket World Cup final was hosted in Eden Gardens fourth-most populous state in.... Brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or MLAs, [ 99 ] including nominated. % from 2001:4, the literacy rate is 77.08 %, followed by with. And towns in the diet of Bengalis from Birbhum district in West Bengal Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan ( VYBK,. Opportunity, politicians are jumping into the Mughal Empire of Calcutta and Jadavpur are! And not stated religion people of every religion take part through trade with the administration took place several! Meetings are presided over by the Governor is the state-owned television broadcaster in Park.! Populous state in India in nearby areas has made West Bengal is religiously diverse, a... Run by an NGO of tribal Santals in West Bengal centre has established a of! The eastern region of India ’ s total population of West Bengal proves matters. In water ) with onion and green chili is a part of the Bengal... Texture, size, fat content and bones of lives due to tax policies enacted by the Shipping Corporation India. Movements significantly influenced the cultural and economic life of Bengal ratio is 947 per... 239 ], Bengali Christians and a small community belong to Vaishnavite and Shaivite denominations under... राष्ट्रीय डेटा, नक्शे और रैंकिंग food of West Bengal has a in... Jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal with 70.5 %, higher than the rate!